Events

Exhibition of Native Breeds

Exhibition of Native Breeds as part of the XXV National Exhibition of Breeding Animals – Poznań, 11–14 September 2011

During the XXV National Exhibition of Breeding Animals, which took place in Poznań between 11 and 14 September 2011, the National Research Institute of Animal Production was responsible for organizing the Exhibition of Native Breeds. For the 10th time, this year’s Exhibition of Native Breeds was accompanied by the National Exhibition of Breeding Animals.

On 11 September 2011, the President of the Republic of Poland Bronisław Komorowski, the Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Commission Dacian Ciolos, and the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Marek Sawicki, together with the President of the International Poznań Fairs Andrzej Byrt, opened the International Tradefair for Food and Catering Products (Polagra-Food, Polagra-Tech, Gastro Trends, Taste of the Regions, Pakfood), the largest in this part of Europe as well as the XXV National Exhibition of Native Breeds. The ceremony was also attended by representatives of the delegations of foreign ministries of agriculture, including the ministers of agriculture of Lithuania and Romania, deputy ministers of agriculture of the Russian Federation and the Czech Republic, as well as delegations from Sweden and the Republic of Moldova.

Prior to the official opening, the President of the Republic of Poland presented orders and awards to those distinguished for Polish agriculture. Eugeniusz Malinowski, the President of the Experimental Station of the National Research Institute of Animal Production in Kołbacz Ltd. was among those awarded with the Knight’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta.

In pavilion no. 12 one could admire the majority of local breeds of animals included in the genetic resources conservation programme. There was also the information stall of the National Research Institute of Animal Production. The exhibition of native breeds, organized by the Institute on 11 September, was visited by the delegation of the Ministers for Agriculture of different member states of the European Union. On 14 September, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Marek Sawicki honoured the exhibition with his presence. The stall was visited by representatives of the ministry of agriculture, institutions associated with breeding and raising animals, representatives of agricultural advisory centres, farmers and producers interested in maintaining native breeds of animals, as well as numerous school trips and other visitors.

At the information stall of the National Research Institute of Animal Production a film on the native breeds of farm animals and information about the achievements of the Institute’s research workers was presented. Information leaflets prepared by different coordinators, describing the animals of native breeds, as well as publications such as: “Roczniki Naukowe Zootechniki”, “Annals of Animal Science”, “Wiadomości Zootechniczne”, “Pasze przemysłowe” and dissemination brochures generated a lot of interest.

In pavilion no. 12 there was also an exhibition of Helix Aspersa breeding snails, which generated a lot of interest from the visitors, all the more so because they could purchase products from snails. In addition, coloured varieties of nutria included in the conservation programmes and Sztumski cold-blooded horses were exhibited in pavilion no. 3.

In pavilion no. 12, there were presentations of animals of native breeds. In addition, sheep shearing and cheese making shows were organized for the first time. The shows, like in previous years, were conducted by individual coordinators, who described the characteristics of each of the exhibited breeds in presentations around 15 minutes long. The whole show was conducted by Associate Prof. Elżbieta Martyniuk Ph.D., the National Coordinator for Animal Genetic Resources (the first show) and Associate Prof. Józefa Krawczyk Ph.D. (the second show).

During the meeting with the breeders on 13 September 2011 the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development presented the Honorary Badge Distinguished for Agriculture to Dr Eng Andrzej Zoń from the Experimental Station of the National Research Institute of Animal Production in Chorzelów. The breeders of native breeds also received the badges. At the same time, the President of the International Poznań Fairs Andrzej Byrt and the director of the project Jadwiga Chłapowska presented jubilee medals marking the 90th anniversary of the International Poznań Fairs. The National Research Institute of Animal Production also received the jubilee distinction. The Director of the Institute, Professor Jędrzej Krupiński Ph.D. received it in person.

At present, 88 native breeds, strains and varieties of farm animals are kept in Poland. Thanks to long-term efforts of the scientific and academic centres, including the National Research Institute of Animal Production, which were the initiators of the protection and restoration of endangered populations, it was possible to maintain large genetic variety of particular species and to preserve many very valuable old breeds, which can now be admired at national and regional exhibitions.

At the exhibition, 62 exhibitors presented the following breeds, varieties and strains of animals, which were evaluated on the first day of the exhibitions:

  • Polish Red, White-backed, Polish Black-and-White, and Polish Red-and-White cattle
  • Puławska, Złotnicka White and Złotnicka Spotted pigs
  • Wrzosówka, Świniarka, Coloured Polish Mountain, Podhale Zackel, Olkuska, Pomeranian, Kamieniecka, Wielkopolska, Corriedale, Polish Lowland of Uhruska variety, Coloured Merino and old-type Polish Merino sheep
  • Yellowleg Partridge Ż-33, Greenleg Partridge Z-11 and Zk, Leghorn H-33, Sussex S-66, Rhode Island R-11, Rhode Island White A-33, Polbar Pb, New Hampshire N-11, and Barred Rock WJ-44 hens
  • Lubelska (Lu), Kielecka (Ki), Podkarpacka (Pd), Pomeranian (Po), Suwalska (Su), Landes (LsD-01), Kartuska (Ka), Swan (Ga), Rypińska (Ry), Slovakian (Sł), Kuban (Ku) and Zatorska geese (Zd-1)
  • Mini–duck K2, Polish Pekin P-33, P-22 and P-11, English Pekin LsA, Danish Pekin P-8, French Pekin P-9 and KhO–1 ducks
  • Popielno white rabbits
  • Beige chinchilla as well as nutrias of the following coloured varieties: standard, black dominant, amber-golden and pearl of the Greenland variety

On the whole, 158 animals and 30 flocks of poultry were assessed during this year’s exhibition.

In addition to the assessment, presentations were made of mares with foals of the following breeds: Polish Konik, Hucul, Małopolski, Silesian, Wielkopolski, cold-blooded Sokólski as well as Sztumski Polish cold-blooded stallions and gelding, a sow with Złotnicka Spotted piglets and a herd of Puławska weaners, Carpathian goats as well as pastel foxes, white necked foxes and polecats. There were also organized the exhibitions of Central European bees of the line Asta, a demonstration aviary with coloured nutria varieties, and a flock of White Kołuda geese®.

The presented animals were awarded with prizes according to the Regulations for the assessment of native breeds and rewarding breeders at the XXV National Exhibition of Breeding Animals, approved by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The assessment was made by the jury appointed by the Ministry, composed of Professor Jędrzej Krupiński Ph.D. (National Research Institute of Animal Production) – juror for the assessment of native breeds, Professor Marian Różycki Ph.D. (National Research Institute of Animal Production) – juror for the assessment of pigs of native breeds, Professor Jan Trela Ph.D. (National Research Institute of Animal Production), juror for the assessment of cattle of native breeds, Professor Józefa Krawczyk Ph.D. (National Research Institute of Animal Production) – juror for the assessment of laying hens of native breeds, Halina Bielińska Ph.D. (Experimental Station of National Research Institute of Animal Production in Kołuda Wielka) – juror for the assessment of rabbits of native breeds, Assistant Professor Paweł Bielański Ph.D. (National Research Institute of Animal Production) – juror for the assessment of native breeds of rabbits, Alicja Woźny M.Sc. Eng. (National Animal Breeding Centre) – juror for the assessment of chinchilla of native breeds, and Tadeusz Kwiatkowski M.Sc. Eng. (National Animal Breeding Centre) – juror for the assessment of nutrias of native breeds.

Gold and silver medals were awarded according to the Regulations, depending on the number of points acquired during the assessment. The best animals in a given group of the assessment acquired the title of champion. On the whole, during this year’s Exhibition of Native Breeds 21 titles of the champion of the exhibition and 153 gold medals were granted. During the second day of the exhibition, the Director of the National Research Institute of Animal Production, Professor Jędrzej Krupiński Ph.D. handed in 16 special prizes (statuettes) to breeders of conservation breeds, who participated in the exhibition the greatest number of times. The following commemorative inscription was engraved on the statuettes: “The Board of Directors of the National Research Institute of Animal Production expresses cordial thanks for the multiple participation in the exhibitions and the immense contribution to the protection of native breeds of farm animals and popularization of their breeding in order to maintain valuable biodiversity for future generations.”

During the Exhibition, the Institute organized seminars on 12 and 13 September, which had the common title “Phenomenon of local products on the basis of native breeds” and were attended by 75 participants.

The programme of the seminar included the following speeches:

Monday, 12 September 2011

  • Professor Jędrzej Krupiński Ph.D.: Native breeds of sheep in conservation breeding
  • Jacek Szklarek Ph.D.: Presence and future of native breeds in European and Polish gastronomy
  • Laboratory of flavour with dishes based on Polish conservation breeds playing the main part – conducted by Marek Gąsiorowski (Slow Food Poland) and Krzysztof Rabek (chef of Hugo Restaurant in Poznań)

Tuesday, 13 September 2011

  • Halina Bielińska Ph.D. Eng.: Native breeds of waterfowl in conservation breeding
  • Paweł Bielański Ph.D., Professor of the National Research Institute of Animal Production: Popielno white rabbit as a representative of native breeds of fur-bearing animals
  • Jacek Szklarek Ph.D.: Slowfood action “Goose Meat for St Martin’s Day 2011”
  • Laboratory of flavour with dishes based on Polish conservation breeds playing the main part – conducted by Marek Gąsiorowski (Slow Food Poland) and Krzysztof Rabek (chef of Hugo Restaurant in Poznań)